Agile development is a flexible and iterative approach to software development that prioritizes collaboration, adaptability, and customer satisfaction. It aims to deliver high-quality software solutions in a more efficient and responsive manner compared to traditional waterfall approaches.

In Agile development, projects are divided into smaller iterations called sprints, typically ranging from one to four weeks. Each sprint involves planning, designing, developing, testing, and delivering a working increment of the software. This iterative approach allows for continuous feedback and course correction throughout the development process.

One of the key aspects of Agile development is the close collaboration between the development team and stakeholders, including customers, product owners, and business representatives. Regular communication and feedback sessions help ensure that the software meets the evolving needs and expectations of the users.

Agile development promotes a self-organizing and cross-functional team structure. Team members work together closely, often in the same physical space, and collaborate on all aspects of the project, from requirements gathering and design to testing and deployment. This fosters a sense of shared ownership, collective responsibility, and faster decision-making.

Another important characteristic of Agile development is its ability to embrace and respond to change. Instead of rigidly following a predefined plan, Agile teams are open to adjusting requirements and priorities based on feedback and changing market conditions. This adaptability allows for a more dynamic and responsive development process.

Agile development methodologies, such as Scrum and Kanban, provide frameworks and practices that support the implementation of Agile principles. These methodologies offer guidelines for planning, organizing, and executing Agile projects, providing a structure while still allowing flexibility and adaptability to suit the specific needs of the project and the organization.